COSMIN database

The Impact of Chronic Pain on Adolescents: A Review of Previously Used Measures

Eccleston, C., Jordan, A. L., and Crombez, G.
Objective To review the use of instruments to assess the impact of adolescent chronic pain, focussing on the development of instruments, the domains covered, psychometric properties, and published use with adolescent chronic pain patients. Methods Systematic literature searching recovered 706 articles, yielding 116 relevant articles, employing a total of 43 separate measurement instruments, which were subjected to content analysis. Results Most instruments were in the psychological domain (n = 22), with a self-report format (n = 36). Thirty instruments were specifically developed for adolescent populations; only 12 instruments had psychometric evaluation with adolescent chronic pain patients. The median use of any one instrument in published studies was two. Clinically relevant psychometric data were missing for many instruments. Conclusions There is a diversity of instrumentation with some pockets of depth of use, but some domains of chronic pain experience with no routine assessment. Further development of the knowledge base of measurement of the impact of chronic adolescent pain is necessary
J Pediatr.Psychol.
Publication year:
Symptom status:
Cognitive/mental state
Emotional state
Physical state
Functional status:
Cognitive/mental functioning
Physical functioning
Social functioning
Children (0-18)
Diseases of and symptoms related to the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Mental and behavioural disorders and related symptoms
Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
2 - Interviews
6 - Clinical rating scales
Adolescent Daily Hassles Scale
AIMS2 - Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales 2   
BASC - Behavior Assessment Scale for Children (versions: First edition; Second edition; Third edition; BASC‐SRP - BASC-Self‐Report of Personality; BASC-TRS = BASC-Teacher Rating Scale)
BDI - Beck Depression Inventory   
CAFAS - Child and Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale
CBCL - Child Behavior Checklist    | 
CDI - Children's Depression Inventory
CDRS-R - Children’s Depression Rating Scale–Revised
CES-D - Centre for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale   
CHAQ - Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire
CHAS - Children’s Headache Assessment Scale
CSHQ - Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire
CSI - Children’s Somatization Inventory
CSQ-C - Coping Strategies Questionnaire for Children
DSRS - Depression Self Rating Scale
FACES III - Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales III
FAD - McMaster Family Assessment Device   
FDI - Functional Disability Inventory
FES - Family Environment Scale
HADS - Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale   
JAFAR - Juvenile Arthritis Functional Assessment Report
MIDAS - Migraine Disability Assessment Questionnaire   
MSPQ - Modified Somatic Perception Questionnaire
MSQ - Migraine Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire Version 2.1
ODI - Oswestry Disability Index   
PARS III - Personal Adjustment and Role Skills Scale III
PCQ - Pain Coping Questionnaire
PCS-C - Pain Catastrophising Scale for Children
PedsQL - Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory
PRI - Pain Response Inventory
PSC - Pediatric Symptom Checklist
QLA-CP - Quality of Life Questionnaire for Adolescents with Chronic Pain
QLH-Y - Quality of Life Headache in Youth
RCMAS/RCMAS-2 - Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale
RSQ - Responses to Stress Questionnaire
SCARED-R - Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders–Revised
SCL-90-R - Symptom Checklist 90-Revised
SPPA - Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents
SPPC - Self-Perception Profile for Children
STAIC - State Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children
STAI - State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
VABS - Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales