COSMIN database

Upper limb activity measures for 5- to 16-year-old children with congenital hemiplegia: a systematic review

Gilmore, R., Sakzewski, L., and Boyd, R.
AIM: This systematic review aimed to compare the validity, reliability, evaluative validity, and clinical utility of upper limb activity measures for children aged 5 to 16 years with congenital hemiplegia.

METHOD: Electronic databases were searched to identify assessments that measure upper limb activity available for use and for which published validity and reliability data for the population are obtainable. Assessment items were coded according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) categories to determine if at least 35% of the assessment items fell within the activity component of the ICF. Assessments that met these criteria were included in the review.

RESULTS: Thirty-eight measures were identified, and five met the inclusion criteria. The best measure of unimanual capacity was the Melbourne Assessment of Unilateral Upper Limb Function (MUUL); however, the Shriners Hospital Upper Extremity Evaluation (SHUEE) and the Quality of Upper Extremity Skills Test (QUEST) could also be considered, depending on the type of information required. The performance-based measure of bimanual upper limb activity in children with hemiplegia with the best psychometric properties was the Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA). The ABILHAND-Kids is a parent-report, performance-based questionnaire with excellent clinical utility and psychometric properties.

INTERPRETATION: Clinicians may choose to use more than one of these measures to detect changes in unimanual or bimanual upper limb activity.
Dev Med Child Neurol
1469-8749 (Electronic)
Publication year:
Functional status:
Physical functioning
Children (0-18)
Diseases of and symptoms related to the nervous system
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
4 - Performance-based tests
5 - Videos
6 - Clinical rating scales
7 - Observations
AHA - Assisting Hand Assessment
MUUL - Melbourne Assessment of Unilateral Upper Limb Function
QUEST - Quality of Upper Extremity Skills Test
SHUEE - Shriners Hospital Upper Extremity Evaluation