Instruments assessing anxiety in adults with intellectual disabilities: a systematic review
- Hermans, H., van der Pas, F. H., and Evenhuis, H. M.
- BACKGROUND: In the last decades several instruments measuring anxiety in adults with intellectual disabilities have been developed.
AIM: To give an overview of the characteristics and psychometric properties of self-report and informant-report instruments measuring anxiety in this group.
METHOD: Systematic review of the literature.
RESULTS: Seventeen studies studying 14 different instruments were found. Methodological quality as measured with the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies checklist was insufficient for four studies, sufficient for seven, and good for six. For self-report, the Glasgow Anxiety Scale for people with a learning disability appears most promising, with good internal consistency (a = 0.96), high test-retest reliability (r = 0.95), sensitivity (100%) and specificity (100%). For informant-report, the general anxiety subscale of the Anxiety, Depression and Mood Scale may be promising, with good internal consistency (a = 0.83 and a = 0.84) and excellent test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.78 and ICC = 0.92), but poor interrater reliability (ICC = 0.39).
CONCLUSIONS: Two instruments appear promising. However, these instruments have only been studied once or twice, whereas the methodological quality of these studies was varying.
- Res Dev Disabil
- 1873-3379 (Electronic)
- Publication year:
- Symptom status:
- Cognitive/mental state
- Adults (18-65)
- Certain infections and parasitic diseases and related symptoms
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities and related symptoms
Diseases of and symptoms related to the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism
Diseases of and symptoms related to the circulatory system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the digestive system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the ear and mastoid process
Diseases of and symptoms related to the eye and adnexa
Diseases of and symptoms related to the genitourinary system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Diseases of and symptoms related to the nervous system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the respiratory system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the skin and subcutaneous tissue
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases and related symptoms
Mental and behavioural disorders and related symptoms
Neoplasms and related symptoms
Pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium and related symptom
Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified
- PRO / non-PRO:
- Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
- Type of measurement instrument:
- 1 - Questionnaires
2 - Interviews
6 - Clinical rating scales
- ADAMS - Anxiety, Depression And Mood Scale
ADD - Assessment of Dual Diagnosis
DASH - Diagnostic Assessment for the Severely Handicapped
FSAMR - Fear Survey for Adults with Mental Retardation
GAS-ID - Glasgow Anxiety Scale for people with an Intellectual Disability
MASS - Mood and Anxiety Semi-Structured
PAC - Psychopathology in Autism Checklist
P-AID - Psychopathology checklists for Adults with Intellectual Disability
PAS-ADD Interview (Also: Mini PAS-ADD and PAS-ADD checklist) - Psychiatric Assessment Schedule for Adults with a Developmental Disability
PIMRA - Psychopathology Instrument for Mentally Retarded Adults
SAS - Zung Self-rated Anxiety Scale [alias: ZAS] (versions: SAS-ID - SAS-Intellectual Disabilities)