COSMIN database

Reliability of field-based fitness tests in youth

Authors:
Artero, E. G., Espana-Romero, V., Castro-Pinero, J., Ortega, F. B., Suni, J., Castillo-Garzon, M. J., and Ruiz, J. R.
Abstract:
The objective of this systematic review was to study the reliability of the existing field-based fitness tests intended for use with children and adolescents. The medical electronic databases MEDLINE, SCOPUS and SPORTS DISCUS were screened for papers published from January 1990 to December 2009. Each study was classified as high, low or very low quality according to the description of the participants, the time interval between measurements, the description of the results and the appropriateness of statistics. 3 levels of evidence were constructed according to the number of studies and the consistency of the findings. 32 studies were finally included in the present review. The reliability of tests assessing cardiorespiratory fitness (9 studies), musculoskeletal fitness (12 studies), motor fitness (3 studies), and body composition (10 studies) was investigated. Although some fitness components warrant further investigation, this review provides an evidence-based proposal for most reliable field-based fitness tests for use with children and adolescents: 20-m shuttle run test to measure cardiorespiratory fitness; handgrip strength and standing broad jump tests to measure musculoskeletal fitness; 4x10 m shuttle run test for motor fitness; and height, weight, BMI, skinfolds, circumferences and percentage body fat estimated from skinfold thickness to measure body composition.
DOI:
10.1055/s-0030-1268488
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21165805
Journal:
Int J Sports Med
issn:
1439-3964 (Electronic)
Publication year:
2011
pages:
159-69
Biological and physiological variables:
Biological and physiological variables
Functional status:
Physical functioning
Age:
Children (0-18)
Disease:
Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period and related symptoms
Certain infections and parasitic diseases and related symptoms
Codes for special purposes
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities and related symptoms
Diseases of and symptoms related to the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism
Diseases of and symptoms related to the circulatory system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the digestive system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the ear and mastoid process
Diseases of and symptoms related to the eye and adnexa
Diseases of and symptoms related to the genitourinary system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Diseases of and symptoms related to the nervous system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the respiratory system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the skin and subcutaneous tissue
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases and related symptoms
External causes of morbidity and mortality
Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes
Mental and behavioural disorders and related symptoms
Neoplasms and related symptoms
Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
4 - Performance-based tests
7 - Observations
9 - Laboratory tests
Instrument:
1/4-, 1/2-, or 1-mile run
20m-SRT - 20 meter Shuttle Run Test
4 × 10 m shuttle run test
5-min running field test
6MWT - 6-Minute Walk Test   [see: proqolid, ZUYD (NL)]
90 ° push-up
Bent-arm hang
%BF from skinfolds
box 90 ° dynamic trunk extension
Circumference
Curl-up
Half-sit up
Handgrip strength
Hurdle test
One-leg standing balance   [see: ZUYD (NL)]
Sit-and-reach test   [see: ZUYD (NL)]
Slalom test
Standing broad jump tests
Tiltboard balance
Trunk lifts