COSMIN database

Hand function measures for burn patients: a literature review

Lin, S. Y., Chang, J. K., Chen, P. C., and Mao, H. F.
Hand function is one of the most important goals of burn rehabilitation and is a consensually important functional outcome. The purpose of this article is to review the available hand function measures commonly used for burn patients and to summarize their psychometric properties and clinical utilities to serve as guidelines for clinical practice and research. An online-database search of PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsychInfo was performed. One hundred and seventeen articles were found and 23 of them met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The eight identified measurement instruments were then classified into three categories: traditional component measures, performance measures and patient-reported outcome measures. Each type of hand function measure has its unique characteristics and limitations. Traditional component measures only reflect hand impairments, and may not represent hand function status. Performance measures have not been validated in the burn population and do not correlate well with patient-reported outcomes. Patient-reported outcome measures have not been rigorously validated in the burn population. A discussion of how clinicians choose these measures reflecting the purposes of their measurements and goals of intervention is provided. Moreover, future studies are suggested to develop burn-specific hand function measures.
1879-1409 (Electronic)
Publication year:
Biological and physiological variables:
Biological and physiological variables
Symptom status:
Physical state
Functional status:
Physical functioning
Adults (18-65)
Children (0-18)
Seniors (65+)
Diseases of and symptoms related to the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Diseases of and symptoms related to the skin and subcutaneous tissue
Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
4 - Performance-based tests
6 - Clinical rating scales
DASH - Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand   
Jamar Dynamometer
JTHFT - Jebsen Taylor Hand Function Test [alias: JTT]   
MHQ - Michigan Hand outcomes Questionnaire   
Preston pinch gauge
Quick DASH - Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand   
ROM - Range of Motion/Movement
SHT - Sollerman Hand Function Test
TEMPA - Test Évaluant les Membres supérieurs des Personnes Âgées