COSMIN database

A critical review of functional assessment tools for upper limbs in Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Mazzone, E. S., Vasco, G., Palermo, C., Bianco, F., Galluccio, C., Ricotti, V., Castronovo, A. D., Mauro, M. S., Pane, M., Mayhew, A., and Mercuri, E.
The recent development of therapeutic approaches for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) has highlighted the need to identify clinical outcome measures for planned efficacy studies. Although several studies have reported the value of functional scales, timed tests, and measures of endurance aimed at ambulant individuals, less has been done to identify reliable measures of function in individuals who have lost ambulation. The aim of this paper is to provide a critical review of the existing literature on functional measures assessing upper extremity function in DMD. Four observer-rated, performance-based measures and four self-reported scales have been previously used in DMD. Each scale provides useful information but none reflects all the different levels of functional ability in activities of daily living observed in individuals with DMD at different ages.
Dev Med Child Neurol
1469-8749 (Electronic)
Publication year:
Functional status:
Physical functioning
Adults (18-65)
Children (0-18)
Seniors (65+)
Diseases of and symptoms related to the nervous system
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
4 - Performance-based tests
6 - Clinical rating scales
7 - Observations
ABILHAND   Logozuyd
ACTIVLIM (self-reported scale of activity limitations)
Brooke Upper Extremity Scale
Egen Klassifikation
JTHFT - Jebsen Taylor Hand Function Test [alias: JTT]   Logozuyd
MFM - Motor Function Measure (AND MFM-20 - 20 item version)
Muscular Dystrophy Functional Rating Scale
Upper Limb Functional Ability Test