COSMIN database

Systematic review of the clinimetric properties of laboratory- and field-based aerobic and anaerobic fitness measures in children with cerebral palsy

Balemans, A. C., Fragala-Pinkham, M. A., Lennon, N., Thorpe, D., Boyd, R. N., O'Neil, M. E., Bjornson, K., Becher, J. G., and Dallmeijer, A. J.
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the level of evidence of the clinimetric properties of measures of aerobic and anaerobic capacity used for children with cerebral palsy (CP).

DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of databases PubMed, Embase, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO through April 2011 was performed.

STUDY SELECTION: Two independent raters identified and examined studies that reported laboratory- or field-based measures of maximal aerobic or anaerobic capacity in children with CP aged 5 to 14 years.

DATA EXTRACTION: The COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) checklist was used by 2 independent raters to evaluate the methodologic quality of the included clinimetric studies and to identify measures used in these studies.

DATA SYNTHESIS: Twenty-four studies that used a maximal aerobic or anaerobic capacity measure were identified. Five studies reported clinimetric properties for 5 measures (2 aerobic and 3 anaerobic measures). Methodologic quality was excellent in 3 studies, showing good validity and reliability of field-based aerobic (Shuttle Run Test) and anaerobic (Muscle Power Sprint Test) measures. The studies on laboratory-based measures were rated fair, mainly because of inadequate statistics. The level of evidence was strong for good validity and reliability of the field-based tests. The level of evidence was unknown for validity and low to moderate for good reliability of laboratory-based tests.

CONCLUSIONS: There is a paucity of research on the clinimetric properties of measurement instruments to assess aerobic and anaerobic capacity for children with CP. Further clinimetric studies of laboratory-based measures in children with CP at all Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels, and clinimetric studies of field-based measures in children who are classified as GMFCS levels III to V are required.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil
1532-821X (Electronic)
Publication year:
Biological and physiological variables:
Biological and physiological variables
Children (0-18)
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities and related symptoms
Diseases of and symptoms related to the nervous system
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
4 - Performance-based tests
6 - Clinical rating scales
7 - Observations
9 - Laboratory tests
Arm Crank Ergometer Test
Cycle ergometry
Half Bruce protocol
McMaster protocol-based
MPST - Muscle Power Sprint Test
Protocol of Bar-Or and Zwiren
Shuttle run test   
Treadmill test
Wingate Arm Crank Ergometer Test
Wingate Bicycle Ergometer Test