COSMIN database

Pediatric sleep questionnaires as diagnostic or epidemiological tools: a review of currently available instruments

Spruyt, K. and Gozal, D.
An extensive list of published and unpublished instruments used to investigate or evaluate sleep issues in children was collected and assessed based on the fundamental operational principles of instrument development (11 steps). Of all the available tools identified, only a few were validated and standardized using appropriate psychometric criteria. In fact, only 2 fulfill all desirable criteria and approximately 11 instruments seem to adhere to most of the psychometric tool development requirements, and were therefore assessed in greater detail. Notwithstanding, in the rapidly developing scientific world of pediatric sleep, there are too many tools being used that have not undergone careful and methodical psychometric evaluation, and as such may be fraught with biased or invalid findings. It is hoped that this initial effort in categorizing and assessing available tools for pediatric sleep will serve as recognition of the relatively early developmental stage of our field, and provide the necessary impetus for future tool development using multicentered approaches and adequate methodologies
Sleep Med Rev
Publication year:
Symptom status:
Cognitive/mental state
Functional status:
Physical functioning
Children (0-18)
Codes for special purposes
Mental and behavioural disorders and related symptoms
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
2 - Interviews
3 - Diaries
6 - Clinical rating scales
ASHS - Adolescent Sleep Hygiene Scale
ASWS - Adolescent Sleep Wake Scale
BEDS - Behavioral Evaluation of Disorders of Sleep Scale
BISQ - Brief Infant Sleep Questionary
BISQ-extended - Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire extended (0-36 months)
BRQ - Bedtime Routines Questionnaire
CASQ - Cleveland Adolescent Sleepiness Questionnaire
CCTQ - Children’s ChronoType Questionnaire
ChDCQ - Dream Content Questionnaire for Children
Children’s Sleep Quality Assessment Questionnaire
CRSP - Children’s Report of Sleep Patterns
CSBS - Children’s Sleep Behavior Scale
CSHQ - Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire
CSHS - Children’s Sleep Hygiene Scale
CSSQ - Children’s Sleep Status Questionnaire
CSWS - Children’s Sleep Wake Scale
DFS - Daytime Functioning Scale
Dysfunctional beliefs about sleep
Family Inventory of Sleep Habits
HK-CSQ - Hong Kong children’s sleep questionnaire
IS - Insomnia scale
ISQ - Infant Sleep Questionnaire
Maternal Attitudes scale
MCBC - Missouri Children’s Behavior Checklist
MCISQ - Maternal Cognitions about Infant Sleep Questionnaire
MCPS - Missouri Children’s Pictures Series
M/E or MESC - Morningness-Eveningness Scale for Children
Morningness/Eveningness questionnaire by Crowley [Alias PPPS]
OSA-18 - Obstructive Sleep Apnea 18-item quality of life survey
OSD-6 - Obstructive Sleep Disorders-6 Survey
PDSS - Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale
PIBBS - Parental Interactive Bedtime Behavior Scale
PSDQ - Pediatric Sleep Disturbance Questionnaire
PSQ - Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire
Questionnaire by Ferreira
Questionnaire by Gibson
SDIS-A - Sleep Disorders Inventory for Students-Adolescents
SDIS-C - Sleep Disorders Inventory for Students - Children
SDQC - Sleep Disturbance Questionnaire for Schoolaged Children
SDSC - Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children
Sleep Habits Questionnaire
Sleepiness Scale
Sleep Questionnaire by Simonds and Parraga
Sleep questionnaire for adolescents
Sleep-Waking Questionnaire
SQS - Sleep Quality Scale
SRBD - Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders scale
SSHS - School Sleep Habits Survey
SSQ - Sleep and Settle Questionnaire
TCSQ - Tayside Children’s Sleep Questionnaire
TuCASA Screening Questionnaire