COSMIN database

How to measure balance in clinical practice. A systematic review of the psychometrics and clinical utility of measures of balance activity for neurological conditions

Authors:
Tyson, S. F. and Connell, L. A.
Abstract:
Objective: To identify psychometrically robust and clinically feasible measurement tools of balance activity in people with neurological conditions to recommend for use in clinical practice. Data sources: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PEDro and AMED. Review methods: Independent reviewers selected and extracted data from articles that assessed the reliability, validity, sensitivity to change and clinical utility of measures of balance activity in adult neurological conditions. Quality assessment was based on Jorstad et al. Measures with ‘good’ psychometrics and 9/10 clinical utility scores were recommended. Results: Nineteen measurement tools were selected. Of these, the Brunel Balance Assessment, Berg Balance Scale, Trunk Impairment Scale, arm raise and forward reach tests in sitting and standing, weight shift, step/tap and step-up tests reached the required standards and are usable in clinical practice. The Brunel Balance Assessment and its associated functional performance tests have the additional advantages of being a hierarchical scale with established lack of redundancy. Conclusion: The measurement tools identified above are psychometrically robust and feasible to use in clinical practice. Future objective measure development should consider the theoretical construct of the measure, the minimal detectable change and use in clinical populations other than stroke.
DOI:
10.1177/0269215509335018
URL:
<Go to ISI>://WOS:000269345700006
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19656816
Journal:
Clinical Rehabilitation
issn:
0269-2155
Publication year:
2009
pages:
824-840
Functional status:
Physical functioning
Age:
Adults (18-65)
Seniors (65+)
Disease:
Diseases of and symptoms related to the circulatory system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the nervous system
Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes
Mental and behavioural disorders and related symptoms
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
4 - Performance-based tests
6 - Clinical rating scales
7 - Observations
Instrument:
BBA - Brunel Balance Assessment
BBS - Berg Balance Scale   [see: ZUYD (NL)]
FMA - Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment   [see: ZUYD (NL)]
MAS - Motor Assessment Scale   [see: ZUYD (NL)]
Romberg Test
Sandin Sitting Balance
SBS - Standing Balance Scale
Sitting arm raise
Sitting forward reach
Standing arm raise
Standing backward reach
Standing bending forward reach
Standing forward reach
Step-up
Tandem Stance (sharpened Romberg)
Tap test
Timed standing balance tests
TIS - Trunk Impairment Scale (two different scales; one scale developed by Verheyden et al 2004; one scale developed by Fujiwara et al. 2004 )   [see: ZUYD (NL)]
Weight shift