COSMIN database

Assessment of functional capacity of the musculoskeletal system in the context of work, daily living, and sport: a systematic review

Wind, H., Gouttebarge, V., Kuijer, P. P., and Frings-Dresen, M. H.
The aim of this systematic review was to survey methods to assess the functional capacity of the musculoskeletal system within the context of work, daily activities, and sport. The following key words and synonyms were used: functional physical assessment, healthy/disabled subjects, and instruments. After applying the inclusion criteria on 697 potential studies and a methodological quality appraisal, 34 studies were included. A level of reliability > 0.80 and of > 0.60 resp 0.75 and 0.90, dependent of type of validity, was considered high. Four questionnaires (the Oswestry Disability Index, the Pain Disability Index, the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and the Upper Extremity Functional Scale) have high levels on both validity and reliability. None of the functional tests had a high level of both reliability and validity. A combination of a questionnaire and a functional test would seem to be the best instrument to assess functional capacity of the musculoskeletal system, but need further examined.
J Occup Rehabil
1053-0487 (Print)
Publication year:
Functional status:
Physical functioning
Role functioning
Social functioning
Adults (18-65)
Children (0-18)
Seniors (65+)
Diseases of and symptoms related to the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
4 - Performance-based tests
6 - Clinical rating scales
ADL ue - Activities of daily living upper extremity
BTE Work Simulator - Baltimore Therapeutic Equipment, work simulator
DOT Residual Functional Capacity
DRI - Disability Rating Index   
EPIC Lift Capacity Test - Employment Potential Improvement Center Lift Capacity Test
FCI - Functional Capacity Index
Functional Performance Tests
JTHFT - Jebsen Taylor Hand Function Test (versions: MJTHFT) [alias: JTT]   
LEAP - Lower Extremity Activity Profile
lifting tests
MAS - Motor Activity Score
MFRA - Medical rehabilitation follow along
Million Scale
NDI - Neck Disability Index    
ODI - Oswestry Disability Index (versions: ODI 2.0; ODI AAOS/MODEMS; chir ODI - chiropractor ODI)   
PDI - Pain Disability Index   
PILE - Progressive Isoinertial Lifting Evaluation (versions: PILE-C - Cervical PILE; PILE-L - Lumbar PILE)
PPB - Physical Performance Battery
PWC - Physical Work Capacity
Questionnaire Physical Activities
RMDQ - Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire    
SF-36 - 36-item Short Form Health Survey [alias: RAND-36][alias: Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) SF-36]]    |  | also see:
SFS - Spinal Function Sort
TAMP - Tufts Assessment of Motor Performance
UEFS - Upper Extremity Functional Scale
UEFT - Upper Extremity Function Test