COSMIN database

The measures to evaluate constipation: a review article

Authors:
Izumi, K.
Abstract:
The aim of this study was to review current constipation assessment scales and clarify (a) the nature of extant measurements and (b) the criteria contained in the measures. A review of relevant literature from inception to 2011 was extracted from PubMed, CINHAL, Cochrane, and MEDLINE databases by searching for the following key words: constipation, scale, measurement, questionnaire, and assessment. Eight scales were reviewed. The scales under review measured constipation from a subjective viewpoint. All measurement criteria included in 8 of the scales were arranged into 51 items and divided into 5 categories. Categories used to measure the severity of constipation were defecation difficulties, abdominal symptoms, emotional effects of constipation, self-treatment strategies, and individual characteristics. Original and suitable scales for the measurement of the severity of constipation based on the review were the Patient-Assessment of Constipation Symptoms scale and the Constipation Assessment Scale. The Patient-Assessment of Constipation Symptoms scale and the Constipation Assessment Scale are reliable, valid, original, and suitable scales to measure the severity of constipation for subjects.
DOI:
10.1097/SGA.0000000000000034
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24691084
Journal:
Gastroenterol Nurs
issn:
1538-9766 (Electronic)
Publication year:
2014
pages:
137-46
Symptom status:
Physical state
Age:
Adults (18-65)
Children (0-18)
Seniors (65+)
Disease:
Diseases of and symptoms related to the digestive system
PRO / non-PRO:
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
2 - Interviews
Instrument:
CAS - Constipation Assessment Scale
CCQ - Chinese Constipation Questionnaire
Constipation Severity Instrument
CQ - Constipation Questionnaire
CSS - Constipation Scoring System
GQ - Garrigues Questionnaire
KESS - Knowles Eccersley Scott Symptom Score
PAC-SYM - Patient Assessment of Constipation-Symptom [Alias: PAC-QOL - Patient Assessment of Constipation-Symptoms and Quality of Life]