COSMIN database

Measurement properties of performance-based outcome measures to assess physical function in young and middle-aged people known to be at high risk of hip and/or knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review

Authors:
Kroman, S. L., Roos, E. M., Bennell, K. L., Hinman, R. S., and Dobson, F.
Abstract:
OBJECTIVES: To systematically appraise the evidence on measurement properties of performance-based outcome measures to assess physical function in young and middle-aged people known to be at high risk of hip and/or knee osteoarthritis (OA).

METHODS: Electronic searches were performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus and SPORTDiscus in May 2013. Two reviewers independently rated the measurement properties using the 4-point COSMIN checklist. Best evidence synthesis was made using COSMIN quality, consistency and direction of findings and sample size.

RESULTS: Twenty of 2736 papers were eligible for inclusion and 24 different performance-based outcome measures knee or obese populations were evaluated. No tests related to hip populations were included. Twenty-five measurement properties including reliability (nine studies), construct validity (hypothesis testing) (nine studies), measurement error (three studies), structural validity (two studies), interpretability (one study) and responsiveness (one study) were evaluated. A positive rating was given to 12.5% (30/240) of all possible measurement ratings. Tests were grouped into two categories based on the population characteristics. The one-legged hop for distance, followed by the 6-m timed hop and cross over hop for distance were the best-rated tests for the knee-injured population. Whereas the 6-min walk test was the only included test for the obese population.

CONCLUSION: This review highlights the many gaps in knowledge about the measurement properties of performance-based outcome measures for young and middle-aged people known to be at high risk of hip and/or knee OA. There is a need for consensus on which outcome measures should be used and/or combined when assessing physical function in this population. Further good quality research is required
URL:
PM:24216060; http://ac.els-cdn.com/S1063458413010042/1-s2.0-S1063458413010042-main.pdf?_tid=22353ea8-c4f2-11e5-9174-00000aacb35d&acdnat=1453898174_e972cfb323ab77e75d9429714d31d523
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24216060
Journal:
Osteoarthritis.Cartilage.
Publication year:
2014
pages:
26-39
Functional status:
Physical functioning
Age:
Adults (18-65)
Children (0-18)
Disease:
Diseases of and symptoms related to the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
4 - Performance-based tests