COSMIN database

Upper Limb Assessment in Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review of Outcome Measures and their Psychometric Properties

Lamers, I., Kelchtermans, S., Baert, I., and Feys, P.
Objective: To provide an overview of applied upper limb outcome measures in multiple sclerosis (MS) according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) levels and to review their psychometric properties in MS.
<Go to ISI>://WOS:000336773000024
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Publication year:
Functional status:
Physical functioning
Adults (18-65)
Seniors (65+)
Diseases of and symptoms related to the nervous system
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
4 - Performance-based tests
6 - Clinical rating scales
7 - Observations
2PD - Two-Point Discrimination
ABILHAND   Logozuyd
Accelerometry [alias: accelerometer]
ARAT - Action Research Arm Test   Logozuyd
Arm Press
AS - Ashworth scale
Ataxia Scale
BBT - Box and Block Test
Clinical testing of sensory function
Clinical Tremor Rating Scale [alias: Bain and Findley Clinical Tremor Rating Scale]
Coin Rotation Task/Test
DASH - Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand   Logozuyd
Dynamic fatigue in the hand grip
Fahn tremor rating scale
Finger to nose maneuver
FMA - Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment   Logozuyd
FTT - Finger Tapping Test
Goniometry / Goniometer   Logozuyd
Hand grip strength
Hartman tuning fork (265 cc)
HHD - Hand-Held Dynamometer (Hand-held dynamometry with pulley force sensor)   Logozuyd
JTHFT - Jebsen Taylor Hand Function Test [alias: JTT]   Logozuyd
Lindmark Motor Capacity Assessment
MAL - Motor Activity Log   Logozuyd
MAM-36 - Manual Ability Measure-36
MAS - Modified Ashworth Scale   Logozuyd
Maximum voluntary isometric contraction force
MJTHFT - Modified Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test
Motricity Index   Logozuyd
MRC Scale - Medical Research Council Scale   Logozuyd
NHPT - Nine-Hole Peg Test   Logozuyd
NRS Spasticity - 0-10 Numerical Rating Scale on Spasticity
OMNI-resistance exercise scale
Pegboard (Beatty and Monson)
Performance Scales: hand
Pinch strenght
PPBT - Purdue Pegboard Test
Skin Temperature Measurement
Spasm frequency scale(s)
Static fatigue elbow extension and hand grip
SWM - Semmes Weinstein Monofilaments   Logozuyd
Symptom inventory short form
Tremor in ADL questionnaire
Tremor severity scale
TS (also MTS) - Tardieu Scale (also: Modified)
UEPTE - Upper Extremity Performance Test for the Elderly (TEMPA - Test d’Evaluation des Membres Supérieurs de Personnes Agées)
Upper limb coordination for tremor/dysmetria
VAS tremor - Visual Analog Scale tremor
Weight lifting task to assess endurance
WMFT - Wolf Motor Function Test