COSMIN database

Measuring the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of young children in resource-limited settings: a review of existing measures

Authors:
Paltzer, J., Barker, E., and Witt, W. P.
Abstract:
PURPOSE: This review sought to identify and summarize the instruments adapted or developed for measuring HRQoL among young children (<8 years) living in resource-limited settings.

METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted in two phases. Phase one searched the PubMed, PsycInfo, Web of Knowledge (Web of Science), African Index Medicus, and SocINDEX databases and identified widely used child HRQoL instruments. Phase two reviewed the articles using the selected HRQoL instruments and extracted information on their use in resource-limited settings including adaption processes.

RESULTS: Seven instruments were identified that measured the HRQoL of young children. Six had been used in resource-limited settings. Of the 452 articles using these instruments, a total of 23 (5 %) studies used one of the identified HRQoL instruments in a resource-limited setting. Among these studies, 39 % employed an adaptation process for the use of that instrument. No instruments had been developed specifically for measuring the HRQoL of young children in resource-limited settings.

CONCLUSIONS: If pediatric HRQoL instruments are to be used in resource-limited settings, it is critical that they be developed and adequately adapted to those settings. Only then will interventions lead to larger increases in the overall HRQoL and well-being of children.
DOI:
10.1007/s11136-012-0260-1
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22983780
Journal:
Qual Life Res
issn:
1573-2649 (Electronic)
Publication year:
2013
pages:
1177-87
General health perceptions / HRQoL:
Self-rated health
Age:
Children (0-18)
Disease:
Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period and related symptoms
Certain infections and parasitic diseases and related symptoms
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities and related symptoms
Diseases of and symptoms related to the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism
Diseases of and symptoms related to the circulatory system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the digestive system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the ear and mastoid process
Diseases of and symptoms related to the eye and adnexa
Diseases of and symptoms related to the genitourinary system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Diseases of and symptoms related to the nervous system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the respiratory system
Diseases of and symptoms related to the skin and subcutaneous tissue
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases and related symptoms
External causes of morbidity and mortality
Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes
Mental and behavioural disorders and related symptoms
Neoplasms and related symptoms
Pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium and related symptom
Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
5 - Videos
6 - Clinical rating scales