COSMIN database

What clinimetric evidence exists for using hip-specific patient-reported outcome measures in pediatric hip impingement?

d'Entremont, Agnes G., Cooper, Anthony P., Johari, Ashok, and Mulpuri, Kishore
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are an increasingly popular research tool used to evaluate the outcomes of surgical intervention. If applied appropriately, they can be useful both for disease monitoring and as a method of assessing the efficacy of treatment. Many disorders can lead to impingement in children and adolescents, but it is not clear if any PROs have been validated to evaluate outcomes in these populations. QUESTIONS/

PURPOSES: We performed a systematic review of the literature to answer the following research questions: (1) Which hip-specific PROs are used in pediatric populations with impingement? (2) What clinimetric evidence exists for the use of these specific PROs in this population?

METHODS: We performed two systematic searches of three databases (Medline, EMBASE, and Ovid All EBM Reviews). The first search aimed to identify specific PROs that have been applied to pediatric impingement populations. The second search aimed to find clinimetric evaluations of the PROs from the first search in this population.

RESULTS: We found six hip-specific PROs applied in pediatric impingement: Harris Hip Score, modified Harris Hip Score, Iowa Hip Score, Merle d'Aubigne Hip Score, Hip Outcome Score, and Non-arthritic Hip Score. However, we found no papers validating any of these PROs in this population. Furthermore, we found no papers validating any of these PROs in any pediatric population.

CONCLUSIONS: A number of adult PROs have been applied in pediatric impingement disorders without evidence of validation in any pediatric population. Further work to develop and validate a hip-specific pediatric PRO is required
Clin. Orthop. Relat Res
Publication year:
Symptom status:
Physical state
Functional status:
Physical functioning
Social functioning
Children (0-18)
Diseases of and symptoms related to the skin and subcutaneous tissue
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
6 - Clinical rating scales
HHS - Harris Hip Score   
HHS - Healthy Home Survey
HOS - Hip Outcome Score
IOWA Hip Score
Merle D’ Aubigne score
NAHS - Non-Arthritic Hip Score