COSMIN database

Subjective Sleep Measures in Children: Self-Report

Erwin, A. M. and Bashore, L.
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) recently published a consensus statement on the recommended number of hours of sleep in infants and children. The AASM expert panel identified seven health categories in children influenced by sleep duration, a component of sleep quality. For optimal health and general function, children require a certain number of hours of sleep each night. Limited data exist to subjectively assess sleep in this population. Practitioners must evaluate overall sleep quality not simply sleep duration. The purpose of this article is to provide a mini-review of the self-report sleep measures used in children. The authors individually completed a review of the literature for this article via an independent review followed by collaborative discussion. The subjective measures included in this mini-review have been used in children, but not all measures have reported psychometrics. Several tools included in this mini-review measure subjective sleep in children but with limited reliabilities or only preliminary psychometrics. Accurate measurement of self-reported sleep in children is critical to identify sleep problems in this population and further detect associated health problems. Ongoing studies are warranted to establish reliable and valid measures of self-reported sleep in children to accurately detect health problems associated with poor sleep quality. This mini-review of the literature is an important first step to identify the most reliable subjective sleep measures in children.
Front Pediatr
2296-2360 (Print)
Publication year:
Symptom status:
Physical state
Children (0-18)
Codes for special purposes
Factors influencing health status and contact with health services
PRO / non-PRO:
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
ASWS - Adolescent Sleep Wake Scale
CASQ - Cleveland Adolescent Sleepiness Questionnaire
CRSP - Children’s Report of Sleep Patterns
ESS - Epworth Sleepiness Scale
PDSS - Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale
PSQI - Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index
SDSC - Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children
SSHS - School Sleep Habits Survey (versions: SSHSm)
SSR - Sleep Self Report