COSMIN database

Tools to assess psychological trauma & its correlates in child sexual abuse: A review & current needs in Asia

Authors:
Satapathy, S., Choudhary, V., and Sagar, R.
Abstract:
Absence of visible physical symptoms and limited capacity to express trauma directly, pose significant challenges in assessment of its exact nature of trauma and its correlates in child sexual abuse. There are numerous assessment tools however, deciding upon the appropriateness is often challenging in Asian socio-cultural and health care set up. A review would provide a ready reference to the practioner regarding the exact clinically utility of the tools and also would guide them in the direction of culture specific modifications. Computerized databases namely Medline, PsycINFO, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, and Social Sciences Citation Index were used. 52 scales were obtained and analysed in terms of scale characteristics, reference to theory and DSM, and cultural competency. Despite of a wide variety of methods, and newer instruments, many of the traditionally used techniques of child's internal thinking and emotional assessment appear outdated while reviewing the recent theories of CSA related psychological trauma. An integrated format, incroporating child-parent-clinicain rating, with multiple domain speciafic items and verbal and non-verbal tasks, is the current need in the Asian region.
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajp.2016.10.012
URL:
https://ac.els-cdn.com/S1876201816301629/1-s2.0-S1876201816301629-main.pdf?_tid=c4d2311e-f28b-4381-95a1-fc034aeaae3d&acdnat=1529578611_55a2a0678c451b3edcc5006616d05e18
Journal:
Asian J Psychiatr
issn:
1876-2018
Publication year:
2017
pages:
60-73
Symptom status:
Cognitive/mental state
Emotional state
Functional status:
Cognitive/mental functioning
Social functioning
Age:
Children (0-18)
Disease:
Factors influencing health status and contact with health services
Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
2 - Interviews
6 - Clinical rating scales