COSMIN database

Measuring Participation for Children and Youth With Power Mobility Needs: A Systematic Review of Potential Health Measurement Tools

Field, D. A., Miller, W. C., Ryan, S. E., Jarus, T., and Abundo, A.
OBJECTIVES: To identify and critically appraise potential participation measurement tools for children aged 18 months to 17 years with power mobility (PM) needs.

DATA SOURCES: Searches in 9 electronic databases identified peer-reviewed publications in English to January 2015, along with hand-searching included bibliographies.

STUDY SELECTION: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses statement was followed with inclusion criteria set a priori. Keywords and subject headings included participation and measurement terms with descriptors of young people who are potential PM candidates. Publications describing measurement properties of English-language tools were included if the items included >/= 85% content related to participation and described at least 2 participation dimensions.

DATA EXTRACTION: Two reviewers reached consensus after independently screening titles and abstracts, identifying full-text articles meeting criteria, extracting data, and conducting quality ratings. Tool descriptions, clinical utility, and measurement properties were extracted. Study quality and measurement properties were evaluated using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments checklist and the McMaster Outcome Measures Rating Form.

DATA SYNTHESIS: Of 1330 titles identified, 138 peer-reviewed publications met study inclusion criteria. Fifty tools were identified, of which 20 met inclusion criteria. Evidence supporting reliability and validity varied considerably. Two tools had responsiveness evidence, an important measurement property when evaluating change. Quality ratings were strongest for internal consistency and content validity. Ratings were downgraded because of small sample sizes and a limited description of missing data or study conditions.

CONCLUSIONS: While potential tools emerged (Assessment of Preschool Children's Participation, Preferences for Activities of Children, Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation, Child Engagement in Daily Life, Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, Questionnaire of Young People's Participation), none were judged best suited for use with children having PM needs. Further empirical studies with this population are needed before recommending use for PM applications.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil
1532-821X (Electronic); 0003-9993 (Linking)
Publication year:
462-477 e40
Functional status:
Physical functioning
Role functioning
Social functioning
Children (0-18)
Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period and related symptoms
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities and related symptoms
Diseases of and symptoms related to the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Diseases of and symptoms related to the nervous system
PRO / non-PRO:
Non-patient Reported Outcome
Patient Reported Outcome
Type of measurement instrument:
1 - Questionnaires
4 - Performance-based tests
6 - Clinical rating scales
7 - Observations